For thyroid disorders, the most common medication used is levothyroxine, a synthetic form of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. This medication is used to replace the thyroid hormone that the body is not producing enough of in the case of hypothyroidism. In the case of hyperthyroidism, medications like propylthiouracil, methimazole, and beta blockers are used to slow down the overactive thyroid. For parathyroid disorders, medications such as cinacalcet, bisphosphonates, and calcimimetics are used to control the high levels of calcium caused by overactive parathyroid glands.
Surgery is the most common treatment for both thyroid and parathyroid disorders. For thyroid disorders, surgery may be recommended to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. For parathyroid disorders, surgery is performed to remove one or more of the parathyroid glands.
Eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can help improve overall health and manage symptoms of thyroid and parathyroid disorders.
It’s important to note that symptoms of thyroid disorders can vary depending on the specific condition and the individual. Additionally, some people may have no symptoms at all, which makes it important to have regular check-ups with a healthcare provider.