Thyroid & Parathyroid disorders Treatment - Best Diabetologist in Kolkata and Best Diabetes Doctor in Kolkata | Dr. Prattay Ghosh

Thyroid & Parathyroid disorders Treatment

Treatment for thyroid and parathyroid disorders typically involves medication, surgery, and lifestyle changes.



For thyroid disorders, the most common medication used is levothyroxine, a synthetic form of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. This medication is used to replace the thyroid hormone that the body is not producing enough of in the case of hypothyroidism. In the case of hyperthyroidism, medications like propylthiouracil, methimazole, and beta blockers are used to slow down the overactive thyroid. For parathyroid disorders, medications such as cinacalcet, bisphosphonates, and calcimimetics are used to control the high levels of calcium caused by overactive parathyroid glands.



Surgery is the most common treatment for both thyroid and parathyroid disorders. For thyroid disorders, surgery may be recommended to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. For parathyroid disorders, surgery is performed to remove one or more of the parathyroid glands.


Lifestyle changes:

Eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can help improve overall health and manage symptoms of thyroid and parathyroid disorders.



Causes of thyroid disorders:

  • Autoimmune disorders, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves’ disease, are the most common cause of thyroid disorders.
  • Exposure to radiation, such as from radiation therapy for cancer, can also cause thyroid disorders.
  • Certain medications, such as lithium and amiodarone, can affect the thyroid gland.
  • Certain genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, can also increase the risk of thyroid disorders.


Causes of hypothyroidism:

  • Autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Damage to the thyroid gland from radiation or surgery
  • Congenital hypothyroidism
  • Certain medications, such as lithium and amiodarone
  • Pituitary or hypothalamic disorders.


Symptoms of thyroid disease:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  • Cold intolerance
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Constipation
  • Muscles weakness
  • Depression
  • Irregular periods
  • High or low blood pressure
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations)

It’s important to note that symptoms of thyroid disorders can vary depending on the specific condition and the individual. Additionally, some people may have no symptoms at all, which makes it important to have regular check-ups with a healthcare provider.


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